Five reasons for coil failure

Capital-Coil

Matt-JacobsMatt Jacobs, president of US coil manufacturer Capital Coil & Air has come up with his top five reasons for coil failure. 

5. Coil plugging

If filters are not changed or your HVAC coils cleaned properly in a timely manner, your coil will actually act as a filter. When dirt builds up on the coil, it will prevent heat transfer and can cause a 20% to 40% drop in performance. Dirt adds to the coil resistance and will absolutely cause your coil to fail prematurely.

4. Vibration

When your HVAC coils are installed near a moving piece of equipment, vibration can occur and cause leaks. The area where these leaks occur is very important and will clue you in to if the problem is vibration. If they are near the tube sheet and look like they are slicing through the tube, the coils should be isolated from the rest of the system to prevent vibration from causing damage. One way to combat this is by oversizing the tube sheet holes, but many manufacturers will not do this. Condenser coils are usually the most common victims of vibration.

3. Corrosive environment

This applies to both the air in the environment and inside the tubes. For instance, if there is something in the air that is corrosive, it will eat away at the copper tubes whether you have 0.020in wall or 0.049in wall. This is very common in areas where there may be salt in the air. To keep the costs down from going to a stainless-steel or cupro-nickel coil, we usually suggest coating the HVAC coils. Steam condensate and untreated water can cause corrosion within the tubes of HVAC coils as well. If you have a steam coil that has failed before the one year warranty, there’s a great chance corrosive agents are in the steam and it’s eating away at the copper tubes.

2. Freeze-ups

Most people think that when HVAC coils freeze, the water or condensate laying in the coil freezes into ice and it expands causing the tubes to bulge and eventually spring leaks. What really happens is the coil will freeze in multiple areas simultaneously and it’s the pressure between these areas that cause the tubes to swell and eventually burst. These are very easy to spot as the leaks will run the length of the tube rather than around the tube.  And be very careful when considering “freeze proof” coils.  If you remove 5-6in from the fin length to make it fit, the coil performance will suffer considerably.

1. System design

You would be amazed how many HVAC coils were never properly designed for their systems. If there was a problem with design, replacing the coil will only duplicate the problem. A high percentage of all our projects were because the HVAC coils were built incorrectly or was never designed right in the first place. Sometimes, owners want to improve performance by adding a couple rows, but don’t consider the air pressure drop or fluid pressure drop that comes with it.

Capital Coil & Air

Latest news from the world of air conditioning and refrigeration

UK News

7th December, 2016

honeywell-retail-energy-project-of-the-year-honeywell

Honeywell takes retail project award

UK: A cascade refrigeration system twinning CO2 with the HFO refrigerant 1234ze has been named as Retail Energy Project of the Year in last week’s Energy Awards in London.

1st December, 2016

steve-gowing-home

Stonegrove appoints Gowing

UK: Industrial refrigeration contractor Stonegrove Refrigeration has appointed Steve Gowing as design and project engineer.

1st December, 2016

javac-award-climate-center

Javac achieves Climate Center double

UK: Javac UK, the refrigerant recovery and vacuum pump supplier, has been named as Climate Centers’ Supplier of the Year for the second year running.

28th November, 2016

kevin-munson-home

Ruskin renamed Swegon Air Management

UK: Ruskin Air Management has been renamed Swegon Air Management following its acquisition by the Swedish manufacturer Swegon.

World News

7th December, 2016

36779366_m

Lack of training threatens phase down

EUROPE: The European Commission has warned that the uptake of training in alternative refrigerants is too low to match the requirements of the F-gas phase down.

6th December, 2016

63555869_s

R12 seized in the South Pacific

SOLOMON ISLANDS: Customs authorities in the Solomon Islands have reported their second seizure of the illegal CFC refrigerant R12 this year. 

5th December, 2016

43761248_s

Bitzer opens subsidiary in Iran

IRAN: German compressor manufacturer Bitzer has established a subsidiary company in Iran.

4th December, 2016

137284

Honeywell faces action over leak

USA: Seven local residents are reported to be suing Honeywell after a chemical leak at its Geismar, Louisiana, plant in August.

JOIN OUR NEWSLETTER
Leave A Comment