World News

Industry news and insights from Europe and around the World

UK News

Latest news and developments in the United Kingdom


Keep up-to-date with the latest new products and technology


General articles, applications and industry analysis

US MAC industry warned of dangerous illegal refrigerant

USA: The global mobile air conditioning association, MACS, has warned of illegal online sales of a refrigerant containing a cocktail of ozone depleting components, as well as highly dangerous R40. 

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently alerted the market to online sales of a product marketed as Cool Penguin F-12. Sold in small cans through online retail platforms for motor vehicle air conditioner use, the product is marketed as being CCI2F2, better known as R12, the ozone-depleting CFC regulated under the Montreal Protocol.

However, the EPA claims that the gas is actually a cocktail of CFC12, CFC-14, HCFC142b and HCFC22, along with non-ozone depleting components. 

Under US regulations, the importation of these cans is illegal, and no person may sell or distribute, or offer for sale or distribution, any regulated ozone-depleting substance that they know, or have reason to know, was imported illegally.

The Mobile Air Conditioning Society (MACS) Worldwide, the leading trade association for vehicle climate and thermal management, has further revealed that these “non-ozone depleting components” include HFC134a and R40.

Better known as methyl chloride, R40 was responsible for a number of explosions and deaths in the container refrigeration sector in 2011. At that time, counterfeit R134a refrigerant from China was actually found to contain a cocktail of refrigerants designed to mimic R134a’s operational characteristics.  

One of those components was R40, which reacts with aluminium to produce trimethyl aluminium. This substance is pyrophoric – igniting spontaneously in air causing fires and possible explosion at any time during use, or during maintenance operations. 

MACS points out that the use of Cool Penguin F-12 may damage the vehicle and poses a potential safety risk. It urges for any evidence of the sale of refrigerants that violate the Clean Air Act or other regulations to be reported to the EPA.

Latest News

4th March 2024

UK adds 8,000 heat pump installers in 2023

UK: The number of qualified heat pump installers in the UK grew by nearly 8,000 last year, a 166% increase on 2022.
3rd March 2024

Green Skills Hub opens in Stockport

UK: A new Green Skills Hub has opened its doors at Stockport College in a bid to tackle the UK’s green skills gap.
2nd March 2024

Creating an alternative showcase

UK: A relocation to new premises by UK Alternative Energy Ltd has enabled the Lincoln-based renewable energy specialist to incorporate heat pumps, solar PV and battery storage solutions.
1st March 2024

Heat pump grant requests up 39%

UK: Applications for the UK’s boiler upgrade scheme in January were up 39% on January last year, according to figures from the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero.
1st March 2024

Bitzer to launch new hydrocarbon compressors

GERMANY: Bitzer is to expand its range of compressors with new models for use with hydrocarbon refrigerants.
29th February 2024

BESA backing for WorldSkills UK

UK:The Building Engineering Services Association (BESA) is organising the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) category of the WorldSkills UK competition.