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F-gas will remain in “no deal” Brexit

UK: The UK government has confirmed that it will maintain the requirements of the F-gas regulations in the event of a “no deal” Brexit.

While the F-gas regulations will remain, a “no deal” could mean that UK-certified F-gas engineers may need to be re-certified by a body in an EU country if they wish to work in the EU.

Information on how a “no deal” scenario would affect the market for fluorinated gases and ozone depleting substances is one of a series of explanatory technical notices, published yesterday.

While the government insists that a “no deal” remains unlikely, Defra assures the industry that the majority of the requirements in the EU ODS and F-gas regulations will continue to apply in the same way after the UK leaves the EU, including in the unlikely event of no deal.

This, it says, will ensure the UK can continue to phase down the use of F-gases and maintain controls on ODS to meet its obligations under the Montreal Protocol.

It points out that the current quota systems are applied to companies not countries, and are administered by the European Commission. In a ‘no deal’ scenario, the UK would set up its own quota systems.

The current EU-wide HFC quota which companies receive would be split into two parts: one quota for placing on the UK market issued by the UK Government and another for placing on the EU market, issued by the EU Commission.

New UK IT systems would be established and administered by the Environment Agency (EA), but companies’ reporting requirements would not change.

Businesses that produce, import, or export HFCs or ODS or products and equipment pre-charged with HFCs or ODS would need to apply for UK quota to place them on the UK market. Businesses would also use the new UK systems to report on their use of ODS and F-gases.

The UK would continue to follow the European F-gas phase down, but would administer this through a separate UK system run by the EA. The current EU total HFC quota would be split into UK and EU portions. Companies would be notified by the EA before the end of this year of their UK reference value (the baseline for calculating annual UK quota values) and UK HFC quota for the period from 30 March 2019 to 31 December 2019.

To determine these quantities for each company, the EA and Defra have already written to each EU quota holder asking for evidence of the quantity of HFCs they placed on the UK market in 2015, 2016 and 2017. The European Commission is running a parallel exercise to determine the allocation of EU quota for UK companies that currently place HFCs on the EU market. This would enable these companies to continue to get a quota from the European Commission in the unlikely event of no deal, but their quota would be adjusted to deduct their UK market share.

UK companies would need to set up an office in the EU or appoint an “only representative” (a legal  representative to take over the tasks and responsibilities of importers) there to remain eligible for EU quota. Businesses not based in the UK would need to appoint an “only representative” in the UK in order to be eligible for a UK quota.

A new UK quota system would also require a new UK HFC registry and reporting system, to capture the same type of information as is currently recorded on the EU HFC registry and F gas reporting tool. The development of a tool is said to be underway.


The UK would continue to use a quota system to restrict the use of ozone depleting substances. Where companies currently apply to the European Commission for an ODS quota, they would instead apply to the EA. Businesses would also need to use new UK systems to report to the EA on their use of ODS and apply to the EA for import and export licences on a new electronic licensing system.

The requirements to receive an ODS licence will not change, only the IT system used to apply for a licence. Further information on how to use the new IT systems will be communicated later this year. From March 29, businesses would need to hold a licence to import or export ODS between the UK and EU.


Certificates issued by EU bodies will continue to be valid in the UK, enabling technicians holding those certificates to continue working here. However, engineers certified by UK bodies to service F gas equipment may need to be re-certified by a body in an EU country if they wished to work in the EU, unless the EU decides to continue recognising such certificates.

The full document is available for download here.

Related stories:

UK backs staying with F-gas regulations9 November 2017
UK: The UK air conditioning and refrigeration industry has called on the government to remain aligned to the EU F-gas regulations and European safety standards post Brexit. Read more…

UK inquiry into F-gas regs post-Brexit – 17 October 2017
UK: The UK government has launched an inquiry into F-gas emission policies and the future of the F-gas regulations post-Brexit. Read more…

FETA says EA needs more support – 24 July 2018
UK: The Federation of Environmental Trade Associations (FETA) says it will continue to highlight infringements of the F-gas regulations, particularly by online retailers. Read more…

Government rejects F-gas concerns – 10 July 2018
UK: The UK government insists it will maintain the HFC phase down post-Brexit but has ignored claims that the Environment Agency does not have the adequate resources to tackle compliance. Read more…

UK failing to enforce F-gas regulations – 25 April 2018
UK: The Environmental Audit Committee has expressed concern that the Environment Agency is under-resourced and failing to adequately investigate “large levels of non-compliance” with the F-gas regulations. Read more…

We want to stay within F-gas6 December 2017
UK: The UK refrigeration and ac industry has backed staying within the European F-gas regulations post Brexit, but repeated warnings of dire shortages of high GWP refrigerants next year. Read more…

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